Urban climate


The research aims to develop tools and methods (mainly based on modelling) to understand the processes that determine urban climate. The aim is to guide urban planning policies aimed at adapting urban areas to future climate conditions.

Research objectives

  • Simulate urban climate
  • Understand the physical processes that explain the urban climate
  • Designing strategies to improve urban comfort without increasing energy consumption
  • Adapting urban spaces to future climate conditions


  • Projet ADEME AMBRRES « Multi-criteria approach for a resilient and healthy building » – 2020-2024. Coordinator : Maxence Mendez (Octopus Lab). Participants : OCTOPUS-LAB, ENGIE, NOBATEK, LIVE. Post-doctoral fellow : Dr. Florentin Breton.
  • Projet CLIMAREA « Climate change: improving territorial planning of public institutions for adaptation to change » – 2019-2021. Coordinator : ATMO Auvergne Rhône Alpes.  Participants : French (Auvergne Rhône Alpes, Provence Alpes Côtes d’azure) and italian (Val d’Aosta, Piemonte, Liguria) air quality agencies.

Few publications

  • Sajjad, S. H., Blond, N., Mohsin, T., Shakrullah, K., & Clappier, A. (2022). Temperature variability over urban, town, and rural areas: The case of Pakistan. International Journal of Climatology, 42(5), 2881– 2900. https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.7395
  • Mauree, Dasaraden & Nadège, Blond & Clappier, Alain, Multi-scale modeling of the urban meteorology: Integration of a new canopy model in the WRF model. Urban Climate. 26. 60-75. 10.1016/j.uclim.2018.08.002, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2018.08.002
  • Mauree D., N. Blond, M. Kohler, A. Clappier, On the coherence in the boundary layer: development of a Canopy Interface Model, Front. Earth Sci., 05 January 2017, 4, 109, https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2016.00109
  • Kohler M., C. Tannier, N. Blond, R. Aguejdad, A. Clappier, Impacts of several urban-sprawl countermeasures on building (space heating) energy demands and urban heat island intensities. A case study, Urban Climate, Janvier 2016, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.uclim.2016.12.006
  • Kohler, M., N. Blond, A. Clappier, A city scale degree-day method to assess building space heating energy demands in Strasbourg Eurometropolis (France), Applied Energy, Volume 184, 15 December 2016, Pages 40-54, ISSN 0306-2619, http://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2016.09.075 


  • Kohler Manon, 2009-2015, Assessment of the building energy requirements: added value of the use of the urban climate modeling. Directeur de thèse : A. Clappier. Encadrante : N. Blond. Financement : CNRS, Contrat ZAEU. Actuellement : chercheur CNRS au Laboratoire Théma, Besançon. www.theses.fr/2015STRAH004
  • Mauree Dasaraden, 2010-2013, Development of a multi-scale meteorological system to improve urban climate modeling. Directeur de thèse : A. Clappier. Encadrante : N. Blond. Actuellement : Ingénieur à BG21 Chef de Groupe / Group Leader Energie / Physique du bâtiment. Adaptation / atténuation changement climatique. www.theses.fr/2014STRAH003
  • Sajjad Hussein Sajjad, 2009-2012, Observational and modelling approaches to study urban climate: application on Pakistan. Directeur de thèse : A. Clappier. Encadrante : N. Blond. Financement : Gouvernement Pakistanais, Société Française d’Echange de Ressources Educatives (SEFERE). www.theses.fr/2013STRAH021



Dr. Nadège BLOND, Atmospheric physicist and chemist

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)


 0033 (0)3 68 85 09 71

Pr. Alain CLAPPIER, Atmospheric physicist and chemist

Université de Strasbourg


 0033 (0)3 68 85 09 48